Unwilling, abused, abandoned, the French police are fed up and they have been making it known for several days. While waiting for their meeting with Francois Hollande Wednesday, we wondered what should be done as studies to work in the police.
Let us remember already the difference between gendarmerie and police. The former are military officers assigned to policing in rural areas, while the latter are civil servants who report to the Ministry of the Interior and work in town instead. If the gendarmes have also been under pressure since the state of emergency was introduced, it is on the side of the police that the cut is full. The police protested several times last week to denounce the lack of means and support of their hierarchy. As a result, it made us want to know how they were recruited and trained.
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In fact, there are several selection processes depending on the level of education: one for security assistants (without diplomas), one for peacekeepers (baccalaureate level), one for police officers (licensed level) and one for the curators (master level). Even if professional developments are possible over time and internal competitions, some of the newly appointed commissioners are just graduating!
In any case, to pass the selections: must be over 18 years (and under 35 years – unless exemptions), be of French nationality, have a clean criminal record (at least not including mentions inconsistent with exercise of the functions envisaged), enjoy his civic rights, have his JAPD and be physically fit to serve. Note that you must also have the license B to be established in the active services of the national police.
1. Security Assistant
The security assistant or ADS is a public-law contractor hired for a 3-year contract (renewable once). He assists police officers in their missions and can receive training to pass the peacekeeper contest. If he does not succeed at the end of his contract, he can also turn to the private security trades after a validation of his achievements.
Prerequisites: no degree is required.
Selection: written application file to be submitted, day of psychotechnical and physical tests and interview of motivation before a commission.
Training: A 14 weeks module of paid training is organized (12 weeks in police academy and 2 in internship).
Salary: 1.316 euros net in Ile-de-France, 1.242 euros net in the other regions.
2. Guardian of the peace
As a police officer, the peacekeeper can be assigned to a wide range of missions (Anti-Crime Brigade, CRS, mountain rescue, judicial police, etc.). He can evolve professionally over time and reach the ranks of Brigadier, Brigadier-Chief or Major or even Police Officer by running an internal competition.
Prerequisites: You must have a baccalaureate, regardless of the sector (even if there is a baccalaureate pro Professions security), to enter the competition. This one is more and more selective, and many candidates have in fact a bac + 2, even bac + 3.
Selection: 3 competitions are open (one in Overseas, one with assignment in Ile-de-France and one with assignment throughout metropolitan France). They consist of written eligibility tests (text study, multiple-choice quizzes, psychotechnical tests), physical tests, and several admission tests (language, stress management, simulation, interview with a jury …). More than 3,000 positions were open for the September 2016 session.
Training:12 months of training in one of the 15 national police schools with field training periods.
Salary: Approximately € 1,870 net for a beginner peacekeeper and up to € 3,000 net for a major